Nocturnes

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Chopin Nocturne Op. Nos.1, 2 & 3
Debussy Clair de Lune, Nocturne
Faure Nocturne No.10
Poulenc Nocturne Nos.1 & 4
Williams Nocturne Nos 1, 2 & 3
Liszt En Reve
Satie Cinq Nocturnes Nos 3 & 5
Granados Laments or the Maiden and the Nightingale
Grieg Notturno

A beautiful, tranquil and contemplative collection exploring the Nocturne and other pieces inspired by night and dreams. Including some of the most exquisite Nocturnes of Chopin, but also featuring less familiar works by Granados, Poulenc, Satie and the world-premiere recording of the Three Nocturnes by British composer Graham Williams.

Piano Speaks Into The Night

The magical atmosphere of night has been an inspiration to generations of composers.

Irish composer and formidable piano virtuoso, John Field (1782-1837) was the first composer to use the title Nocturne – for his lyrical piano pieces (his Nocturnes were composed around 1812 to 1836). Italian operas, which he heard in Russia where he settled in his later years, greatly influenced his “cantabile” style.

Chopin admired Field’s compositions and began to write Nocturnes himself. Chopin extended the emotional range and harmonic sophistication in his Nocturnes and created a landmark of this genre, which in turn inspired many later composers, especially French composers like Debussy and Faure to compose their own Nocturnes.

The tradition carries on and I’m happy to be able to include Three Nocturnes in this album, which was written for me by my friend, the composer Graham Williams.

I have also included Clair de Lune by Debussy and Laments, or The Maiden and the Nightingale , by Granados here, as they are beautiful night pieces, although they are not called Nocturne. Junko Kobayashi

Frederic Chopin (1810-1849)
Nocturnes, Op. 9
No. 1 in B flat minor – Larghetto No. 2 in E flat major – Andante No. 3 in B major – Allegretto

The first set of Nocturnes Op. 9 was written in 1830-31 and published in 1832.

In No. 1, an operatic manner of ornamentation of the right-hand melody makes a striking impression. In No. 2, one can see the strongest influence of John Field. It is very concise and is also probably the most well-known of the Nocturnes. No. 3 is in ternary form; Allegretto in B major – Agitato in B minor – Allegretto in B major. JK.

Claude Debussy (1862-1918)
Clair de Lune
Nocturne

Debussy’s early piano works Clair de Lune and Nocturne were both composed in 1890. The beautiful Clair de Lune is perhaps one of the most loved works in the piano repertoire and it belongs to his Suite Bergamasque. Here his writing is already quite impressionistic, whereas his Nocturne is more song-like and romantic. JK.

Gabriel Faure (1845-1924)

Nocturne No. 10 in B minor

Nocturne No.10 in B minor was written in 1908. A simple two-note chromatic motif in the opening bar is repeated throughout the piece, modulating and developing to build a huge arch. The piece ends in a contemplative mood. JK.

Francis Poulenc (1899-1963)
Nocturne No. 1
Nocturne No. 4

Nocturne No.1 in C major was composed in 1929 and Nocturne No.4 in C minor in 1934.

For Nocturne No.4, Poulenc quoted a line from a novel, Le Visionnaire by his friend Julian Green and it describes a scene of a sick man hearing the distant sound of a ball and recollecting his own youth. JK.

Graham Williams
Three Nocturnes

Three Nocturnes were composed in 1999 and are dedicated to Junko Kobayashi. They are inspired by old Japanese poems.

Nocturne 1

Blue night road
The Sky full of stars
The blue night road
Seeming to lead to them
The distance village
Bathed in some blue-green wine
The first five lines of a poem by Tanaka Fuyuji(1894-1980)

Nocturne 2

High in the heavens the light remains unchanged
Over the ruined castle the midnight moon. Two lines from a poem by Tsuchii Bansui (1871-1952)

Nocturne 3

Harvest moon
And mist creeping
Over the water
Hattori Ransetsu (1654-1707)

Translated by Geoffrey Bownas

Graham Williams studied composition with Richard Rodney Bennett. He is a prolific composer and his works have received much critical acclaim both here and abroad as well as winning a number of prestigious awards. His orchestral works have been performed by such orchestras as the English Chamber Orchestra, Scottish National Orchestra, London Sinfonietta and the City of London Sinfonia. He has also composed a wide variety of chamber music for groups such as Lontano, the Lowbury piano Trio, the Brunel Ensemble and the Brindisi and Bingham Quartets. His works have been broadcast on Radio 3 and Classic FM and featured at many festivals.

Franz Liszt (1811-1886)
En Reve – Nocturne

Written in 1885/6, it is one of the Liszt’s very late compositions. It is strikingly simple and with its use of chromaticism it looks forward to a world of atonal music to come. JK.

Erik Satie (1866-1925)
from Cinq Nocturnes
Nocturne No. 3
Nocturne No. 5

The Cinq Nocturnes were composed in 1919, just before Satie started to write his Furniture Music. They are in simple ternary (ABA) form and very concise. In both pieces, the graceful and pure right hand melody is accompanied by arpeggiated left hand. JK

Enrique Granados (1867-1916)
Laments or The Maiden and the Nightingale

Granados composed an opera Goyescas in 1911 inspired by the paintings of Goya. Laments, or the Maiden and Nightingale is from his piano suite Goyescas. JK.

Edvard Grieg (1843 -1907)
Notturno

Norwegian composer Grieg composed many Lyric Pieces and this Notturno is from Book 5 Op.54, which was written in 1891. Here one hears night birds singing too. JK.

    Frederic Chopin

  1. Nocturne Op. 9 No.1
  2. Nocturne Op. 9 No. 2
  3. Nocturne Op.9 No. 3
  4. Claude Debussy

  5. Clair de Lune
  6. Nocturne
  7. Gabriel Faure

  8. Nocturne No. 10
  9. Francis Poulenc

  10. Nocturne No. 1
  11. Nocturne No. 4
  12. Graham Williams

  13. Nocturne No. 1
  14. Nocturne No. 2
  15. Nocturne No. 3
  16. Franz Liszt

  17. En Reve
  18. Erik Satie

  19. Nocturne No. 3 from Cinq Nocturnes
  20. Nocturne No. 5 from Cinq Nocturnes
  21. Enrique Granados

  22. Laments or The Maiden and the Nightingale
  23. Edvard Grieg

  24. Notturno